When a person has sustained a severe brain injury, their road to recovery can be a long and arduous one. Once medical interventions have stabilized the patient, there are types of rehabilitation they may need as a result of their brain injury. The rehabilitation focus on regaining what functionality the patient can while as learning adaptive skills for those functionalities that the patient in unable to regain.
When undergoing brain injury rehabilitation, tasks are reintroduced much in the same order that they are learning developmentally. Gross and large scale motor tasks will be done generally before other tasks requiring fine motor skills. Patients may also require cognitive skills such as perceptual skills and attentive abilities. The scope and range of these tasks would of course vary for everyone. Proper time spent assessing these areas can give professionals a picture of what sort of rehabilitation is needed.
Patients that have received brain injuries may also have had some impact to their speech. They find it difficult to recall words when speaking. They may also have difficulty making explanation or even forming verbal sentences. Often the brain injured patient is totally unaware that they are exhibiting these behaviours. Other speech problems may include dysarthia where the patient has slurred and indiscernible speech patterns. Swallowing problems, known as dysphagia, may be contributing to a speech problem. If the brain injured patient experiences these speech problems, a speech pathologist may be a needed member of their rehabilitation team.
Depending upon the person, the level of rehabilitation may vary. Some individuals with brain injuries may require more long term services. They might be performed in a group or one on one. Usually these services are received in a facility designed for this specific purpose which is treating traumatic brain injuries. Some patients may receive their rehabilitation services at home. In these situations, medical professionals visit the home and perform the same services that the patient would have received in a facility or hospital. Whatever the method of service delivery, the goal remains the same, which is to assist the patient in restoring as much independence as possible.
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